Engineers are inventors, project planners, mathematicians, and scientists combined. They take and apply information from a variety of fields to solve problems. Almost everything that a person uses on any given day was likely designed by an engineer. This includes automobiles, traffic lights, cell phones, computer monitors, airplanes, and web browser. Engineering includes a variety of fields from civil engineering to industrial engineering. All engineering fields have a foundation which is based on math and science. Continue reading to learn more about engineering careers.
Civil engineers are designers. They may design buildings, tunnels, bridges, dams, airports, roads, or sewage and water supply systems. There are many factors a civil engineer must consider while planning as they have to ensure that the structure will be strong enough to handle various types of weather. Civil engineering is the oldest form of engineering careers. Almost every person beginning an engineering career will need to have a college degree. It is also required for a civil engineer to be licensed in their state if they will be offering services to the public. As of May 2008, civil engineers averaged an annual salary of about $78,500.
Electrical engineers are also designers but they design better and new electronics. They test equipment as well as solve problems. They work on various types of products such as cellular systems, lighting, wiring, robots, navigation systems, cars, and radar systems. Those holding electrical engineering careers can be found working in industrial plants, offices, and labs. Electrical engineers can expect to make $88,600 or more per year depending on education and experience level.
A mechanical engineering career is very broad in its disciplines and its foundation is materials science and physics. Those working as mechanical engineers are responsible for the design, building, installation, and maintenance of various types of mechanical machinery, components, and tools. Mechanical engineering careers include the contraction, medical, manufacturing, and power industries. They can also work in the Armed forces, government agencies, or with satellite deployment projects. Mechanical engineers work on projects both small and large in size. They may be involved in production, development and research. Mechanical engineers will be required to have computer and technical skills, be organized, they need to be able to work as a part of a team as well as have great communication, analytical, and planning skills.
A computer engineer works in designing, building, testing, and implementing software and hardware applications for networks in various settings from big businesses to home offices. Computer engineers work all over the place in public and private sectors because most businesses, large and small, rely on computer systems for their daily activities. Computer related careers in engineering need professionals who are fluent in various programming languages including COBOL, C++, and Java. Those who specialize in the computer’s hardware such as systems, printers, modems, chips, and circuit boards may also have an electronics background because these fields are related and circuitry is included in computer hardware. Computer engineers can find employment in health care, telecommunications, government, and other private and public sectors using computer networking systems in their business.
Careers in engineering management involves management positions in all engineering careers. A master’s degree in engineering management will help prepare engineers by boosting their business management skills while advancing skills to take on leadership roles in their career. A management engineering career means the working professional has more responsibility. They advise, supervise others, manage projects, and work directly with clients. In order have a management engineering career the professional has to be fully licensed. They must have completed an undergraduate degree which can take up to five years to complete.
Fire Protection Engineering
Those working in fire protection careers in engineering assist in establishing and protecting property and lives against small hazards, explosions, and fires. They design detection equipment, extinguishing systems, and alarm systems. They inspect building designs or buildings in general to determine whether or not the fire protection systems are in good condition. They also assist construction staff including builders and architects with techniques and equipment used in fire prevention as well as standard compliance and fire codes. If there has been a fire, they determine what may have caused it and the fire prevention methods that might have worked to prevent it.
Aerospace engineers work in the designing, development, and testing of aircraft missiles, space vehicles, and oversee the production of each. In many cases these engineers have specialized in one specific type of vehicle such as rockets, passenger planes, or helicopters. They may also be found working with vehicles which are used to research oceans or floating high-speed trains. Aerospace engineers can be found working in flight and aviation test sites, manufacturing operations, industrial plants, launch pads, and aviation facilities.
Chemical engineers work in various settings from health care and pharmaceuticals to food, drink, energy, and chemicals. Their roles include controlling, constructing, designing, and operating industrial processes of products on which people depend for living. In order to work as a chemical engineer, a person will need an engineering bachelor’s degree and licensure. Those who would like to hold federal government jobs will also be required to be a U.S. citizen.
The goal to optimize systems and processes is what makes this engineering career a broad field. They work to find ways to save materials, money, time, and energy across a variety of industries. They do this by leading business strategy implementation such as six sigma, supply chain management, and more. They work to make what other engineers do, better. Industrial engineers can be found in industries such as energy, aerospace, entertainment, service, logistics, and manufacturing. They can hold various career titles such as lean coordinator and even health care management engineer. As mentioned earlier, industrial engineering is very broad in perspective and industrial engineers can be working in almost every industry.