In the 21st century, literacy education has surfaced as one of the most crucial areas of general education. In light of George W. Bush’s 2002 No Child Left Behind initiative, even higher emphasis has been placed on literacy education throughout the past few years. Substantiated by federal legislation, No Child Left Behind requires that students achieve literacy, and even more so, are able to apply their reading skills both practically and functionally. As part of this initiative, a major component of new literacy education has involved integrating oral fluency, an important skill which was often disregarded before.
Traditionally speaking, literacy education refers to teaching the most basic reading & writing skills. This concept of literacy was linked with the then commonly used labels of “literate” and “illiterate.” But with the importance that this area of teaching has taken on during the past few years, the overall definition of literacy education has been transformed – rather than simply teaching students how to read, literacy education has evolved to now involve the basic reading of words as well as writing, comprehension, and application.
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Approaches to Literary Education
According to this technique, literacy is best learned as a product of natural needs. By immersing students in reading and writing as a part of their basic activities, literacy is taught in a quick and effective manner. This strategy can involve objects such as learning walls, where students must read and apply listed information that surrounds them while sitting in class.
Making Connections Techniques
By associating reading with discussion and thinking, students learn to make connections and become better readers. When using this method, teachers will incorporate reading into discussion and critical thinking activities to promote literacy education. This involves providing instruction before, during, and after reading so that students must analyze and use their reading functionally.
Incorporation of Technology
Using technology in the classroom offers students one-on-one attention at all times, which cannot be usually be afforded in the traditional single-teacher classroom setting. In addition, technology attaches purpose with learning – which, in many ways, is the most important aspect of student learning. Tools such as Scholastic Red help teachers to address the individual learning needs of each student in a fun & engaging way.
Newer techniques do indeed expand beyond the traditional, but the traditional techniques remain an integral basis of literary education. Traditional techniques usually involve:
- sound-symbol connection
- sounding out of words
Throughout the past, teaching literacy has proved difficult in adults and children alike; but in recent years, the difficulties with literacy education has decreased significantly. Nontraditional education methods are on the rise and in this increasingly popular area of education, teachers in schools across the nation have found unparalleled success in nontraditional as well as traditional methods.